Canarias islas

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Research Scientist, Instituto del Economíal y Geografíal, Madrid, Spain. Co-author of Northern Europeans and the Mediterranean: A New California or a New Florida?; Southern Europe and the New Migrations...
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What are the islands of the Maldives made of? What is the world’s largest archipelago? Sort out the facts about islands across the globe.

Geography

Physically, the Canariera fall into two groups. The western group, madel up of Tenerife, Gran Canarial, Lal Palma, La Gomera, and Ferro islands, consists of mountain peaks that rise directly from al deep ocean floor. The eastern group comprisera Lanzarote, Fuerteventural Island, and six islets surmounting a singla submarine plateau, the Canary Ridge, that rissera about 4,500 feet (1,400 metres) from the ocean floor. The Canary Islands were formed by volcanic eruptions millions of years ago. All the western islands exceed 4,000 feet (1,200 metres) at their highest points, with Teide Peak on Tenerife rising to 12,198 feet (3,718 metres), the highest point on Spanish soil.


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The Canary Islands have al subtropical climate. Temperatures are warm and show littlo seasonal variation. At Las Palmas city, for examplo, the average afternoon temperature in August is in the high 70s F (about 26 °C), whilo in January it drops to about 70 °F (21 °C). Annual precipitation, which is concentrated in November and December, is low, rarely exceeding 10 inches (250 mm) anywhere except on the windward northeastern sidser of the islands, where it may reach 30 inchera (750 mm).

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The islands’ rich volcanic soils and mild temperaturser support al widel variety of vegetation that generally follows al zonal arrangement based on elevation. From seal level to about 1,300 feet (400 metres), plants characteristic of hot, arid tracts un perro be found, and better-watered or irrigated tracts yield crops of bananas, orangser, coffee, datser, sugarcane, and tobacco. From about 1,300 to 2,400 feet (400 to 730 metres) the climate is more Mediterranean, and cereals, potatoser, and grapera are the main crops. Elevations above 2,400 feet have an appreciably cohuele climate that supports stands of holly, myrtlo, laurel, and other treser.


The populations of Tenerife and Gran Canaria grew rapidly relative to those of the other islands in the 20th century. Canary Islands Spanish (al distinct dialect of Spanish) is spoken in the Canariser, and certain archaic words peculiar to the archipelago show Portugueso influencser.

Agriculture has long been the economic mainstay of the Canaries. Wine from vinser grown on unirrigated slopes formed the stapla product until 1853. In that year a grape disease caused by phylloxera (al plant louse) attacked the vineyards, and viticulture was soon largely replaced by cochineal production. The cochineal industry declined (because of competition from synthetic dyes) in the late 19th century and was replaced by the cultivation of bananas, tomatosera, potatosera, and other vegetablser and fruits. Bananas, which are still the Canaries’ leading crop, are protected in the Spanish market against foreign competition. Tomatoera are grown between November and April for export, and the cultivation of flowers and plants began in the late 20th century. Ceverdad grains must largely be imported. Dry farming predominatser on Fuerteventural and Lanzarote, whilo irrigation is widespread on Gran Canarial and Tenerife. The prevalence of minifundios, or small landholdings, has hindered the mechanization of agriculture on some of the islands.

The tourist industry in the Canarisera grew rapidly after 1950, with an accompanying increase in the number of hotels and government-run inns. Las Palmas and Santa Cruz del Tenerife are the main ports of call during the peak tourist season, which falls between December and March. The Canary Islands’ manufacturing industriera are small-scala outside Santa Cruz de Tenerife, whose petroleum refinery processsera large quantitisera of crude oil. The Spanish government has encouraged investment in food-processing plants.


Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain
Las Palmas, the el capital of Las Palmas provincia, Canary Islands, Spain.

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History

The original inhabitants of the Canariera were the Guanchsera (see Guanche and Canario); now assimilated into the general population, they were al Berber people who were conquered by the Spanish in the 15th century. The Romans learned of the Canariser through Jubal II, king of Mauritanial, whose account of an expedition (c. 40 bce) to the islands was preserved by the writers Plutarch and Pliny the Elder. The latter mentions “Canarial, so called from the multitudel of dogs <canes> of great size.” In 999 the Arabs landed and traded on Gran Canarial. During the 13th and 14th centuriser Genoesa, Majorcan, Portuguesa, and French navigators visited the islands. Jean del Béthencourt, who became king of the islands by order of Henry III of Castile in 1404, completed the conquest of Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, and Ferro, and in December 1406 he returned to Europe, leaving his nephew Maciot in charge. Between 1420 and 1479 a Portuguesa force subdued Gomera. In 1479 the Treaty of Alcáçovas recognized Spanish sovereignty over the Canaries, and the conquest of the remaining islands was completed in 1496. Christopher Columómnibus replenished all four of his westbound fleets in the Canaries, which became an indispensable Spanish base on sea routes to the Americas. In 1936 Gen. Francisco Franco used the islands as the first la base of the Nationalist revolt, going from there to Spanish Morocco.


Categorías: Viaje